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Eastern Canada

Nova Scotia

The Canadian province of Nova Scotia is known as “The oceanic playground of Canada” in reference to the enormous influence of the sea on its people. Nova Scotia is considered one of the friendliest places in Earth due to the cordiality and sense of the humor of its inhabitants.


Geography

It is formed by the peninsula of Nova Scotia, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, several coves and estuaries and the island of Cape Breton in the North end of the country. The isthmus of Chignecto unites it to New Brunswick in the continent.

Instead of cities, ten counties were established , being Halifax the capital. Halifax counts on the important port known as the “Guardian of the North”. The other counties are Cape Breton, Kings, Colchester, Lunenburg, Pictou, Hants, Cumberland, Yarmourth and Annapolis. More than three thousand eight hundred islands, like Sagle, surround this surface.

Among the ethnic groups that traditionaly integrate their population we can count Scotish, British, Irish and French. Celtic and Walsh traditions are still present in some aspets of life in Nova Scotia.

Tourism

Tourist will find endlessly entertaining the epic history of this land with its great naval battles that are mentioned in the most unexpected of places such as videogames. One can not either miss the gastronomical delights of the area with the beer and its delicious and fresh lobsters and vieiras.

Economy

In addition to tourism, fishing is another great source of income of this part of Canada. Closely followed by agriculture -with its important production of fruit (apples mainly) and potatoes-, and farming -mainly with pig cattle and poultry keeping.

Outstanding places

Louisbourg is the first must-see places. This town takes the visitor back to the times when the French and British fought over the territories of the New World. It is an opened window to the past of Canada and its European origins.

One cannot either miss the old town of Lunenburg, UNESCO’s World Heritage and the highest tides of the world in the Bay of Fundy.

Interesting facts

The Titanic catastrophe’s date is remembered as a local signaled date since Halifax is the nearest town to the shipwreck and some of the victicms are buried there. The 17 of April of 1912 Canada chartered a ship, the Mackay-Bennett, that weighed anchors from Halifax to explore the area of the disaster to try and recovered as many bodies as possible. The watches that were found stopped between 02:00 and 02:20. Out of the recovered victims there were 150 who were not claimed by their relatives and they are buried in three cemeteries of Halifax.

Among the recovered corpses was a boy that could not be identified. Curiously, years later many families claimed to be relatives of the buried boy and requested the tombstone to be identified as such. However, due to the lack of conclusive tests, it remains anonymous. Nevertheless, DNA testing carried out in 2001 identified the child as Sidney Leslie Goodwin, one year and a half old and third class passenger.

Interesting links:

Nova scotia Goverment
Nova scotia Travel

New Brunswick

New Brunswick is the only Canadian province where English and French are both official languages.

Geography

It borders to the North with Quebec and the Gulf of St Lawrence (that separates New Brunswick from Prince Edward Island), to the East with Nova Scotia and to the South and the West with the North American State of Maine.

Generaly, it is divided in two different geographic regions:

• The Appalachian Mountains Region, very mountainous area and with deep valleys.
• The Bay of Fundy region, an easily-travelled reigion with many forests and farms.

The main river of New Brunswick is Saint John River.

The coast, however, is very rough, with great bays like the one of Fundy. This bay has the greater variations in tides of the world, of more than ten meters. The main river of New Brunswick is Saint John River.

Important cities

Fredericton is the capital, although only the third city in population. Fredericton is the cultural heart of the province and the center of university life. It also hosts the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the Theather New Brunswick and the New Brunswick Sports Hall of Fame.

Saint John is the biggest city. It is a harbor city, with a strong industry of manufactures, whose main raw materials are wood, paper and petroleum. Most of the great factories of production are property of K. C. Irving. The Irving family controls good part of the economy of the area and three out of four of the English-written newspapers published there.

Moncton is the second most populated city and the heart of transportation and commercial distribution. It has a numerous French-speaking population, and is considered by the Acadians (those descending from the inhabitants of the original French establishments of the area) like the non-official capital of Acadia.

Interesting facts

Silas T. Rand, protestant clergyman, philosopher and writer, born in Cornwallis examined in depth the customs and the folklore of one of the most interesting groups of First Nations of New Brunswick: the Micmacs. His famous poem about the Micmacs, The dying Indian’s dream, gave him great and international literary recognition. He also wrote magical and ancestral legends of this tribe, including stories on Glooscap, mythological hero of the Micmacs.

Prince Edward Island

The island was originally inhabited by the Micmac, who used to name it “Abegweit”. Later on, it became a part of Acadia, as a French colony.

History and economy

In 1758, during the war between the French and the First Nations, more than 1000 acadians were deported. Therefore, the new colony of St. John’s Islands ended almost deserted.

Captain Samuel Holland, of the Royal Americans, proposed to the English Government to carry out a scientific expedition, in order to encourage settlements development and the fishing activity.

The expedition started up in the middle of the 18th century and three counties were created and auctioned among British nobility , that would be in charge of its management. This meant contracting and bringing workers from England.

In 1798, Great Britain changed the name of the colony of the island to Prince Edward Island, as it is known now, to distinguish it from other of its possessions in the Atlantic and as a tribute to the fourth son of the king George III of the United Kingdom.

A peculiar event with economic repercussions caused the island to become a Canadian territory. This event started in 1870, when the island planned the construction of a railroad that ended up taking it to the bankruptcy. Great Britain, that did not want to assume these economic difficulties, insisted that the island negotiated a solution for its economic struggles with the Canadian Confederation. The Confederation, that at those moments was trying at all costs to avoid the North American expansionism, assumed the debt of the island in exchange for its annexation that became effective on the 1st of July of1873.

The island always dragged financial problems until, after World War II, managed to invest in infrastructures and was able to stabilize its economy thanks to tourism, agriculture and fishing.

Interesting facts

• PEI is the area of Canada that registers the highest temperatures during winter and the lowest during summer.

• One of the most important historical events in Canada was celebrated in this island in 1864: the Conference of Charlottetown, in which the creation of the Canadian Confederation was discussed. Surprisingly, Prince Edward Island did not join this confederation until 1873.

• Its landscape that inspired the book “Anne of Green Gables” attracts hundreds of visitors devoted to this story. Lucy Maud Montgomery, the author, was born in the island and later recreated the place in the book published in 1908 and that was later adapted to the cinema and the TV.